Welcome Bay Vet Clinic 58 Welcome Bay Road Tauranga

Family Planning

Spey, Castration, and Neutering

 

Whether it is a female being speyed or a male being castrated, both procedures fall under the umbrella terms of "desexing" or "neutering".

 

There are a lot of advantages to desexing your pets, whether they are males or females, or whether they are cats, dogs, or rabbits.

 Desexing will stop unwanted pregnancies

                         - There are a lot of unwanted cats, kittens, dogs, and puppies out there

                            that are already desperately struggling to find homes.

 

Desexing will help stop wandering in search of mates

                         - When your pet wanders he or she is at risk of getting lost, getting into

                            fights with the neighbours, getting hit on the road, or being impounded.

 

Desexing will reduce unwanted aggression and territorial behaviours

                         - Urine spraying and territorial marking is never fun to clean up.

                         - Castrating your tom cat at an early enough age will also help reduce

                            the distinctive odour associated with uncastrated male urine

If you are planning on starting a new fur-family, then we are here to support you throughout your cat or dog's pregnancy.  If you have any questions or queries, do not hesitate to call us on 544 2604

More Information

Cat Spey

Cat Castration

Bitch Spey

Dog Castration

What is a cat spey?

 

Speying (also referred to as desexing or neutering) is the complete removal of the uterus (womb) and both ovaries of a female (queen) cat.  This is done under general anaesthetic.

Why Spey?

 

A queen will usually reach sexual maturity betwee 6 and 8 months of age.  At this stage she will start cycling (come into season or heat) and continue to do so every 2 to 3 weeks from late winter.

 

When a queen is in season she may call loudly for a male which attracts odourous tom (male) cats from miles around.  If mated she will give birth to a litter of 3-5 kittens 9 weeks later.  She is capable of producing 2-3 litters a year.

 

The main advantage of speying your cat or kitten is the prevention of unwanted pregnancies - There are a lot of unwanted cats and kittens out there that are already desperately struggling to find homes.

Once a queen is speyed:

Pregnancy is impossible.

 

She will not attract unwanted attention from tom cats as she will not come into season.

 

She will not suffer from uterine infections.

 

She will not wander looking for a mate when in season.

When to spey?

 

We usually spey kittens between 5 to 6 months of age.

What is a cat castration?

 

Castration is the complete removal of both of the male (tom) cat's testicles.  This is done under general anaesthetic via two small incisions in the scrotum.

Why castrate?

When a male cat reaches sexual maturity at 6 to 8 months of age he may start to wander, potentially upsetting the neighbours, bullying their cats, and putting himself at risk of being hit by a vehicle.

 

Entire (uncastrated) tom cats get into more fights which can result in injuries such as bites, scratches, eye damage, and abscesses.  Cats that fights are also at a far greater risk of catching feline AIDS (FIV).

 

An uncastrated cat will usually mark (urine spray) their own homes as well as their neighbours' homes, resulting in a very unpleasant smell which is hard to eradicate.

                         A small percentage of castrated cats will continue to have some urine marking

                         behaviour, but the urine itself will be much less offensive smelling.

 

Castration may stop competition for females and territorial behaviour, however it will not stop a tom cat's natural instincts to hunt or defend himself.

 

The main advantage of castrating your cat or kitten is the prevention of unwanted pregnancies

                         There are a lot of unwanted cats and kittens out there that are already desperately

                         struggling to find homes.

When to castrate?

 

We usually castrate kittens between 5 to 6 months of age.

What is a bitch spey?

 

Speying (also referred to as desexing or neutering) is the complete removal of the uterus (womb) and both ovaries of a bitch (female dog).  This is done under general anaesthetic.

Why Spey?

 

A young bitch will usually reach sexual maturity between 6 and 12 months of ages.  At this stage she will start cycling (come into heat for 18 days or more) and continue to do so every 6 months.

 

When a bitch is in season she will squat (urinate) frequently and spot (bleed) from the vuvla, attracting male dogs from miles around.  If mated she will give birth to a litter of puppies 9 weeks later.  She is capable of producing two litters a year.

 

The main advantage of speying your dog or puppy is the prevention of unwanted pregnancies - There are a lot of unwanted dogs and puppies out there that are already desperately struggling to find homes.

Once a bitch is speyed:

Pregnancy is impossible.

 

She will not suffer from false pregnancies.

 

She will not suffer from pyometra (uterine infections).

 

Her risk of developing mammary gland tumours (breast cancer) is lowered (significantly if speyed before her first heat).

 

She will not attract unwanted attention from male dogs as she will not come into season.

 

She will not wander looking for a mate when in season

When to spey?

 

Ideally we would spey between 5 and 8 months old, before her first heat.  Getting your puppy speyed before her first heat will significantly reduce the risk of developing mammary tumours.  Once she has started cycling, finding the right time to spey can be difficult.  It is a good idea to avoid speying while she is in season as there is an increased blood supply to the the ovaries and uterus, which can increase risks associated with the surgery.  In can then take 2 to 4 months for this process to resolve and for hormone levels to return to normal

What is a dog castration?

 

Castration is the complete removal of both of the male dog's testicles.  This is done under general anaesthetic.

Why castrate?

Uncastrated male dogs will generally wander in search of females, meaning they are at risk of going missing, getting hit by a car, or being impounded - which can result in costly fines.

 

Entire (uncastrated) dogs are more likely to be more aggressive and get into fights with other dogs.

 

Uncastrated male dogs will cock their leg and urinate everywhere (including inside) in order to mark their territory.

 

The main advantage of castrating your dog or is the prevention of unwanted pregnancies

                         There are a lot of unwanted dogs and puppies out there that are already desperately

                         struggling to find homes.

When to castrate?

 

We usually castrate dogs between 5 to 6 months of age.

Got a young puppy? Check out Puppy Preschool